The ever-changing business environment had always leave every business leader ill at ease. Business decision has to be made effectively and quickly so as to determine business success. Organisation not only compete against its rivals but also against evolution of technology. COBIT which stand for control objectives for information and related technologies has helped many organisations through a frameworks for effective decision making that gives value to their stakeholders. From its first released in 1996 till now, COBIT had evolved and updated to meet the technology and IT demands today. From COBIT 5 to COBIT 2019, business and IT leaders need to recognise the differences between the two to effectively drive IT governance and management within their organisation. What are the differences between COBIT 5 and COBIT 2019?
First, let be introduced to COBIT through timeline.
In 1996 – The publishing of COBIT which is objectively for IT control improvement.
Around year 2020 – COBIT for IT governance is introduced during its third version with IT governance techniques and management guidelines become the integral parts of the framework.
In 2012 – COBIT 5 is published, the almost ideal IT governance framework where it applies governance and management in holistic approach and integrated manner.
In 2018 – As the business environment evolved, COBIT 19 is released where this version include new insights from IT and governance experts.
What are the differences between COBIT 5 and COBIT 2019?
COBIT 5 are based on five governance system principles while COBIT 2019 consists six governance system principles.
|Principle in COBIT 5||Principle in COBIT 2019|
|1. Fulfilling stakeholders need||1. Giving value to stakeholders|
|2. Holistic approach||2. Holistic approach|
|3. Single, integrated framework||3. Dynamic governance system|
|4. End-to-end enterprise coverage||4. End-to-end governance system|
|5. Separating governance from management||5. Tailored to enterprise needs|
|6. Distinct governance from management|
COBIT 2019 has additional of governance framework principles which include: based on conceptual model, open and flexible, and aligned to major standards.
2. Processes. The number of processes which is previously 37 processes in COBIT 5 has been increased to 40 in COBIT 2019.
3. Terminologies. There are various terms that changes to align to the changes made on the principles for COBIT 2019. For example, the term used in COBIT 5 such as manage, supplier (in APO10) are changed to managed and vendor respectively.
4. Capabilities and maturity levels. The capabilities and maturity level of COBIT 5 and COBIT 2019 are based on different scale. While COBIT 5 is based on Standardization(ISO)/International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) ISO/IEC 33000 Software Process Improvement and Capability Determination—SPICE, the COBIT 2019 is based on the CMMI Performance Management Scheme.
5. Enablers. COBIT 5 is included with enablers, while in COBIT 2019, enablers have been removed for simplification.
6. Design factors. Compared to COBIT 5, COBIT 2019 is included with Design factors which are factors that affect the design of the enterprise governance system.
In conclusion, there are many improvement had been included in COBIT 2019 from its previous version, COBIT 5. These changes are in order to align with various changes in our Business environment and IT demand today where security, governance and management come hand in hand in delivering value to business.
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