The Internet of Thing
The Internet of Things assumes that everyone and the item can be connected through the network. This related network has the potential to affect many aspects of our day-to-day guide:
- Route Planning – Sensors in the vehicle communicate with the GPS service to determine the best route, which is then displayed on the head display that physically directs the driver along the route.
- Accident Prevention – Sensor alert the other vehicle position on the road and prevent collision. The cars can also overcome the driver’s control to avoid accidents.
- Safety – A series of sensors in the seat belt can track driver’s physiological indicators and determine whether the driver is tired or drunk. If the driver fails any tests performed by the sensor, the vehicle can not be used.
The emergence of self drive cars such as Google and Telsa cars make the idea of autonomous cars a reality. Several countries around the country have begun to pass legislation to regulate the technology and promote its development. However, the public safety and acceptance of this autonomous vehicle is a matter of public interest and concern. Additionally, a series of accidents in the summer of 2016 raises the debate on the safety of autonomous vehicles.
Lightweight Vehicle Material
Car manufacturers are under increasing pressure to deliver high performance vehicles and excellent efficiency. The focus of light material research is to keep away from iron and steel. The main candidate to replace this metal in the near future is aluminum alloy magnesium, and carbon fiber construction. However, the question still exists whether the materials can be deterred under the highway accident forces, and whether manufacturers will be able to produce lightweight materials at low cost for car makers.
On-Demand Ride Services
Less than two years ago, Uber and Grab dramatically changed the way people in major cities look for transport. With apps, riders can call the vehicle to their location, whenever they want. The service has eroded the profits of taxi companies and lowered the rate of DUI in many cities.
While on-demand ride services are a hit with riders, there are serious legal and ethical questions that are causing governments to re-evaluate authorization for Uber and Grab to work in their jurisdictions. The primary concern is that Uber and Grab drivers are considered contract earners and not employees, leaving them with the burden of income tax but few benefits. On the other hand, safer roads and greater flexibility are attractive for riders.
The most ambitious of all the technology changing transportation is SpaceX’s Hyperloop. This concept is a pneumatic tube that uses induction motor series and linear compressors to drive the vehicle at fast speed. The first thing Hyperloop has to offer is connecting Los Angeles and San Francisco and allowing passengers to complete 350 miles of travel in over half an hour.
New technologies have caused a fundamental shift in the way people see transportation. Minor changes to existing methods of transportation could have considerable impact in the near future, while the introduction of completely new technology, like the Hyperloop, might usher in a new transportation revolution.
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