Load testing is a software testing technique used to examine the behavior of the system when subject to expected and extreme normal load conditions. Load testing are generally carried out under controlled laboratory conditions to differentiate between two different systems. Load testing are designed to test the requirements of non-application software applications. Load testing are sometimes referred to as longevity testing or endurance testing.
Load testing also helps to identify the maximum operating capacity of an application as well as any congestion and determine which elements cause destruction. E.g. If the number of users increases then how much CPU, the memory will be consumed, what is the network response time and bandwidth.
Besides that, load testing involve real user load simulations for target applications. It helps you determine how your app behaves when multiple users hit it at the same time. Load tests can be performed under controlled laboratory conditions to compare different system capabilities or to accurately measure the capabilities of a system.
Load testing differ from stress tests, which assess how far the system continues to work when subjected to extreme workloads or when some of its hardware or software has been compromised. The main goal of the load test is to determine the maximum number of work that can be operated by the system without significant performance impairment.
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