Cybersecurity, Governance Risk Compliance (GRC) and Resiliency

Threat, Risk and Vulnerability Management

Solution Overview

A risk-based proactive approach to identifying, discovering, evaluating, prioritising, treating, remediating and reporting IT asset vulnerabilities to reduce cybersecurity exposure risk and fulfilling various regulatory compliance requirements.


Identification, discover and prioritization

All the threat and vulnerability management include the four key processes and components, beginning with asset definition and management, to establish as baseline for where the rest of the process to take place. It makes sense to prioritise and identify what the most important assets are first. It is not realistic to assume that every asset should provide the same level of handling and protection when protected against every possible vulnerability, exploits and threats. Assets must be systematically assessed to identify how critical each is to the organization and threat modeling to define and work out overall threats that may affect your organization, from highly probable, possible or unlikely scenarios and context.


Vulnerability Management

Technical vulnerability management, include vulnerability analysis then perform to discover any vulnerability, evaluating, treating and reporting of it. Vulnerabilities evaluating is where we correlate assets and threats and define the method or methods for compromise. We will analyze the existing security program to identify any physical, operational and procedural weaknesses that may exist and identify potential countermeasures that could be implemented to minimize the probability of a damaging/disruptive event occurring. The primary goal of this analysis is to develop a profile that defines the overall threats that may affect your organization. A profile is developed categorizing threats as highly probable, possible or unlikely.

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Evaluating, Treating and Reporting

During vulnerabilities treating, potential security measures are selected for implementation. The selection process is intended to channel resources to protect the most vital assets against the most probable threats according to the earlier threat modeling, from vulnerability remediation to mitigation or patch management, or system hardening, update on the architectectural, operational or system elements or policies and procedures and guidelines. Vulnerabilities reporting include preparation for the respective governance, risk management and compliance (GRC) format to assist in the reporting and future progress follow up, such as vulnerability/cybersecurity exposure risky trend over time, proof or audit compliance document.


Target Users & Use Cases

Threat and Vulnerability Management is design and cater for the followings group of users:

  • Organisations with dedicated IT security teams. These organisations understand that every entity is a target for cyberattacks and see Threat and Vulnerability Management as critical to their defence-in-depth strategy against these threats, exploits and vulnerability.
  • Organisations that must comply with security mandates. Various industry and government policies require certain organisations to secure sensitive data. For examples, PCI DSS, HIPAA, SOX, NERC, GLBA, FISMA.

Organisations that leverages threat and vulnerability management for policy compliance typically automatically gain the benefits of an increased security posture, due to reduce attack surface and achieve regulatory compliance.

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Threat, Risk and Vulnerability Management

Typically Threat and Vulnerability Management can not do right without some of the point or integrated solution cover threat management, endpoint protection platform (EPP), unified endpoint management (UEM), vulnerability assessment, threat modeling, enterprise vulnerability management, various vulnerability and security scanner, patch management and penetration testing.

Most of the threat and vulnerability management offering in market will feature mix of the features and functionality in the offer, cover both agent/sensor and agentless is deployed, for continuous protection to monitoring feature.


Risk Management

In the context of Governance, Regulatory, and Compliance (GRC), a risk-based approach should be adopted while ensuring that there is no unnecessary overspending in areas that do not require it. Risk management involves identifying, evaluating, and prioritizing risks, followed by the coordinated and economical application of resources to minimize, monitor, and control the probability or impact of unfavorable events. It is also crucial to maximize the realization of opportunities.

To ensure a sound and professional approach to risk management, it is essential to conduct risk analysis and threat modeling before embarking on technical vulnerability management. This approach helps ensure that the enterprise does not over-manage or micro-manage areas that do not contribute to the overall IT governance, regulatory compliance management, or broader business objectives.

By adopting a risk-based approach to GRC, organizations can effectively manage risks and opportunities while optimizing resource allocation. It also enables organizations to identify and prioritize the most significant risks, thus enabling them to focus their resources on those areas that require attention the most. Additionally, it helps ensure compliance with regulatory requirements and industry standards, enhancing the organization's reputation and minimizing exposure to legal and financial risks.

Therefore, a risk-based approach should always be at the forefront of an organization's GRC strategy to ensure effective risk management and compliance while also promoting business growth and development.


Modern Features

Modern Threat and Vulnerability Management Features. The goals of all threat and vulnerability management products are the same - perform threat and vulnerability management for assets and maintaining regulatory compliance - despite some feature set slight different.

  • threat management - a collection of policy tests that are relevant for IT security and regulatory compliance.
    System baselining - capturing the state of a monitored node.
  • Agent - threat and vulnerability management agents for Windows, Unix, and Linux systems are important. Active agents based TVM provide a greater level of detail than passive scanning alone, and they update the threat and vulnerability management console in real time as the configurations of monitored nodes change.
  • Periodic agentless scanning network devices such as routers, switches, and intrusion prevention system (IPS) appliances to detect deviations from approved configuration baselines, focused on harvesting detailed configuration items.
  • Dashboards - every threat vulnerability management (TVM) provides a dashboard for viewing TVM data in the aggregate, and drill down into dashboard charts and graphs to see the underlying host configuration data.
  • Reports - since orgnizaitons must comply with industry or government regulations, the TVM offer templates related to what you need.
  • Remediation guidance - provide step-by-step remediation guidance and instructions for resolving the configuration error.
  • Asset tags (like metadata) - to classify assets with business-relevant attributes, such as risk, priority, geographic location, and which regulatory policies govern which assets.
  • Policy waivers / exception - to overrides failed policy-test results when calculate a score for the policy.
  • Third-party product integration - depend on the TVM solution, some may offer security information and event management (SIEM), IT governance, risk management, and compliance (IT GRC), configuration management database (CMDB), endpoint protection platforms (EPP) and native integration with operation system antivirus protection or firewall blocking

E-SPIN & Threat, Risk, Vulnerability Management

E-SPIN has been active in both Threat Vulnerability Management (TVM) and related total solution supply, project management, network/system integration, training and maintenance for enterprise customers since 2005. Be it part of holistic enterprise turnkey project or point solution use case.

Feel free to contact E-SPIN for the hassle free, project turnkey supply with value added services (VAS), from consulting, project management, training and maintenance. Be it for global fortune 500 companies, multinational corporations (MNCs), public listed medium to large enterprises, national government agencies, who need to access it for carry out project and operation requirements.

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