Standards let you agree with other supply chain partners on how to handle security. Such standards need to be effective and easy to implement. They should also be compatible, where possible. For example, the approach taken by the UK has been to enforce cargo checks at the point of origin, then prevent tampering at any point in transit. By comparison, the US imposes strict security checks at the last point of departure for the US. This is independent of any prior cargo screening along the route. Standards harmonization is a continuing debate. However, a few years ago (2012), the US and the European Union agreed to recognize each other’s security procedures for air cargo. This helps prevent expenses of time and money that previous duplication of controls had caused.
Examples of standards include:
- ISO/PAS 28000:2007 (Specification for security management systems for the supply chain).
- The Customs Trade Partnership against Terrorism (C-TPAT). This program is voluntary for companies to improve the security of their supply chains.
- Framework of Standards to Secure and Facilitate Global Trade from The World Customs Organization (WCO). This framework offers supply-chain security standards for customs requirements.
- The Container Security Initiative (CSI) focuses on screening containers in ports along routes leading to the US. CSI is led by U.S. Customs and Border Protection, part of the Department of Homeland Security.
- The Global Container Control Programme (CCP) fights trafficking of drugs, chemicals and other contraband through container controls at certain ports internationally. This is a joint United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and World Customs Organization (WCO) initiative.
- The International Ship and Port Facility Security Code (ISPS Code) is an agreement between 148 countries that are members of the International Maritime Organization (IMO).
In addition, various initiatives are underway to use technologies like Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) and Global Positioning System (GPS). These can help standardize the tracking and monitoring of cargo containers at rest and in transit.
Feel free to contact E-Spin to secure your supply chain management activities in term of control and execute a product’s flow, from acquiring raw materials and production for your organization.