Believe it or not, automotive hacking is not recent in cyber security. While we are labeling automotive hacking as a rising cyber risk issue in the recent years these days, it is in fact had happened since 2005 and continues to grow over the years as manufacturers constantly adding smart features into their vehicles. Subsequently, the smart features in vehicles brings about the rise in various methods in automotive hacking, leading to bigger challenges to security effort in automotive industry. There are various types of automotive hacking depending on the type of vehicle where the most common types of automotive hacking are as follows:
1. Key fob Hacking
Generally, a fob or a key fob represents a small electronic device that provides access to physical objects. Thus, in automotive industry, a key fob refers to device that is use to lock open or unlock vehicles’ door. Key fob hacking is a method where hackers capture and duplicate signal from the key fob using a hacking device. This method enables hackers to unlock your vehicle and either drive away with the vehicle or steal your valuables inside it.
2. Mobile Phone App Hacking
The embarkment of automotive industry into mobile app market introduces both advantages and disadvantages to the consumers. While applications such as GPS apps, car tracking apps and many more, they also introduces new ways for hackers to gain access to your vehicle. Automotive apps holds abundance of data, from your communication system, tyre pressure monitoring system to braking system and even windshield wiper control. Just imagine how bad the impacts will be when hackers are able to obtain all these data through mobile App hacking. Not only they are able to control your vehicle remotely but also detect and locate your movement which include exploiting your sensitive data such as your home address.
3. Server Hacking
Data generated from vehicles is increasing as they become more connected to interned and relies to smart technologies. An automotive company uses server to store this enormous amount of data in their data center. Server hacking is method applied by hackers by breaking into the central server of an automotive company. A server stores varieties of data, thus if the security is penetrated, hackers will gain a lot of access including mobile apps, sales data as well as vehicle control.
In summary, the types of automotive hacking will continue to varies as the dependencies of automotive industry on internet of things as well as smart technologies increase. Importantly, an automotive company and consumers should increase awareness in keeping their data security in check.
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